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Chokhryn-oyka – “Dragonfly Old Man,” “Knife Old Man” – a forest doctor, official, lifeguard # Taiga sanctuaries of a Mansi deity

The Northern Mansi are a large local group of the Ob Ugrians, the only one among the Mansi that preserves the living tracks of traditional culture. Mansi gods and spirits still have an influence on the life of modern population: when a baby is born, it receives its own safeguarding spirit, a personal patron that accompanies the newly born throughout his/her life. Moreover, people constantly encounter the spirits-masters of the surrounding grounds, which mostly function as patrons of trades. Like...

Modified: 16.12.2016
Mansi , ethnography , Siberia , deity , holy place
Path: Главная / Articles
Mysterious Artefacts from archaeological sites and ethnographic complexes of the north of West Siberia

... archaeologist or an ethnographer, who are able to solve them relying on their knowledge, experience and intuition, and sometimes restraining their wild imagination Several years ago, a massive plate forged of white bronze was found in the north of West Siberia. It is a classical example of the famous Permian animal style, which was flourishing in the second half of the first millennium AD. It represents two male figures sitting on the back of a mysterious beast; they dropped their paddles while looking ...

Modified: 26.04.2016
mysteries , archeology , ryton , ethnography , Khanty , religion , worldview , Siberia
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The Latukhin Book of Royal Degrees: History of the United State of Russia

... Latukhin Book of Royal Degrees” was widely used by historians and in the late 19th century the question of its complete publication was raised, the text of the great work remained unpublished. In 2011, Academician N N. Pokrovsky (Institute of History, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk) and Doctor of History A.V. Sirenov (Saint Petersburg State University) prepared the first edition of this outstanding corpus of Russian history written on 1268 large sheets (recto and verso) ...

Modified: 19.04.2013
Russian history (9—17 cc.) , Ivan the Terrible , the Time of Trouble , Ukraine , Kazan khanate , Siberia , the historiography of 9—17 cc. , Tikhon Zheltovodsky
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An Iranian King in Service in Siberia

... dishes are considered to have been intended for coronation, they are believed to have been cast when a new ruler ascended to the throne. Museums all around the world have no more 35 silver Sassanid dishes. It is the first Sassanid dish discovered in West Siberia A few years ago we were on a field trip among the Khanty near the river of Synia, a left tributary of the Malaya Ob. The nearest town, Salekhard, was 300 km away. The Synia flows from the eastern slopes of the Urals; the river itself is one ...

Modified: 30.08.2010
Siberia , Khanty , ceremony , sanctuary , bowl , silver , Sassanids
Path: Главная / Articles
Great Northern Expedition: In the Wake of the Academic Detachment

The Second Kamchatka (Great Northern) Expedition of 1733—1743 led by Captain-Commodore Vitus Bering was one of the most grandiose enterprises in the history of world exploration: it encompassed the whole of Siberia from the Urals to the Pacific coast, the Arctic coast from the North Dvina estuary to Chukotka, coastline areas of the Arctic Ocean and northern part of the Pacific Ocean. Numerous instructions given to the Expedition as a whole and to its separate ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Miller
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A Journey across Siberia. Turks of the Krasnoyarsk Uyezd and Their Shamans

... was appointed professor of the St. Petersburg Academy. Gmelin gained recognition of the European scientific community for the studies conducted within the framework of the Great Northern (Second Kamchatka) Expedition in 1733–1743. After the trip to Siberia Gmelin returned to Tubingen, where he was a university professor of botany and chemistry until his death in 1755. The Second Kamchatka Expedition headed by Vitus Bering had had no analogs in the human history. It was served by 13 specially constructed ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gmelin , expedition , Siberia , sorcerer , sorceress , tambourine , Tatars
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Non-Returnee. A Story of One Escape

... failure to return to Russia after vacation and disagreeable administrative hearing related to this event. Yes, Gmelin was a ‘non-returnee’. This circumstance might explain the suspicious attitude of the St. Petersburg Academy to his Journey across Siberia and the Academy’s reluctance to translate the book into Russian. Actually the initial rejection of the monograph was to a certain extent of ideological character, then, as it usually happens, the negative attitude continued by inertia, as a ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gmelin , expedition , Siberia , academy
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Description of the City of Irkutsk and Its Suburbs. "Irkutsk Customs and Life-Style"

... Johann Amman, Professor of botany, whom Steller assisted in compiling a herbarium for the Academy, in 1736 the young scientist was invited to the Academy as a junior scientific assistant in natural history. A year later, Steller, as a volunteer, left for Siberia to take part in the expedition of the Academy Detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition. The twelve years that Steller spent in Russia were filled with adventures, hardships, and tragic events, but also with tireless studies and scientific ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , Steller , Irkutsk , expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
Moving Beyond the Horizon, or a Prayer for Overcoming

... rock under the archbishop’s feet and he started looking for spiritual support among intimate friends. He saw Steller as one of them. Nothing of the sort happened. The news about the Second Kamchatka Expedition agitated Steller’s restless heart. To Siberia! No one could dissuade him from this hasty (as most people would think) action. In Petersburg, Steller communicated with Daniel Gotlieb Messerschmidt who had traveled across Siberia from 1720 to 1727 on the instructions of Peter the Great to collect ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Steller , expedition , Siberia , Irkutsk
Path: Главная / Articles
The Second Kamchatka Expedition is a Heroic Scientific Act of the 18th Century

... started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Steller , Halle , Francke , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. The Knights of the Taiga

... started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Tunguses , Miller , expedition , Siberia , arrows
Path: Главная / Articles
"My Longing to Serve Society..."

... not at all without success) of creating a fundamental history of Russia; he formulated main methodological problems; he left an articulate system of proper historical quest, which was used by several generations of researchers; he is the “Father of Siberian history.” He made himself well known in various allied scientific fields, but with all this he still was considered “a German,” “a foreigner.” And another not very pleasant echo: in some sense he was also considered “an ill-wisher,...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , expedition , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. Indigenous Peoples of Siberia: Marriage and Family

G. F. Mueller was an outstanding investigator of Siberia, a member of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition organized in 1733–1743. In the course of his decennial peregrination, he was the first among Russian researchers to carry out comprehensive comparative studies of the ethnic ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , husband , bride , kalym , bridegroom , wife , marriage , family
Path: Главная / Articles
Pagan Belief and Customs. Description of the Yakut Custom of Sacrifice

A significant place in the expedition notes of G. F. Mueller is given to the characteristic of the religious culture of the Siberian aboriginals, their world views. The traveler’s notes represent the following materials in the most profound manner: deities and spirits, their influence over people’s fate; shamans as the intermediaries between people, deities and spirits; ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Siberia , Yakuts , shaman , sacrifice , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller
Path: Главная / Articles
Russian Siberians of the 18th Century and Alcoholism

Documents left by the members of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka expedition (1733—1743), a journey of scientific exploration through Siberia, contain a lot of curious evidence of the manners and customs of the Russian and indigenous population of Siberia. Some historians studying these documents have made comments to the effect that foreign members of the expedition had displayed a ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Siberia , vodka , wine , Steller , Gmelin , alcohol
Path: Главная / Articles
Alcohol and Hallucinogens in the Life of Siberian Aborigines

... J. G. Gmelin and G. W. Steller, who were members of this expedition. The December issue of SCIENCE First Hand (# 6 (12), 2006) featured documents of the Second Kamchatka Expedition dealing with the role of alcohol in the life of 18th century Russian Siberians. The present article dwells on the alcoholic habits of Siberian aborigines as well as on their consumption of hallucinogenic mushrooms and other narcotics producing euphoria and stupor. *The top level governmental body organized by Peter I ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Siberia , Siberian peoples , Siberian aborigines , fly-agarics , kumis , vodka , wine , tobacco , Krasheninnikov
Path: Главная / Articles
Oil: Heroes of Our Past... and Present. Academician Trofimuk: Siberia Floats on Oil

Let us look at figures: more than 80 % of all explored Russian reserves of oil, natural gas, and coal is based in the Siberian region (including West Siberia and Yakutia). Now the share of Siberia is about 70 % in the production of oil, over 70 % in the production of coal, and more than 90 % in the production of gas! Unique Siberian reserves of most important natural ...

Modified: 25.06.2007
Trofimuk , oil , gas , oil and gas production , Siberia , East Siberia
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Oil: Heroes of Our Past... and Present. Farman Salmanov: Let Love for Our Common Homeland, Russia, Unite Us

Let us look at figures: more than 80 % of all explored Russian reserves of oil, natural gas, and coal is based in the Siberian region (including West Siberia and Yakutia). Now the share of Siberia is about 70 % in the production of oil, over 70 % in the production of coal, and more than 90 % in the production of gas! Unique Siberian reserves of most important natural ...

Modified: 25.06.2007
Farman Salmanov , oil , gas , field , geology , Siberia , expedition
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First Ladies. The Province of Siberia, 19th Century

... educational institutions. In Russian historic literature, “women’s theme” has been present for over 200 years, but in the last two decades these investigations have witnessed a real boom (Pushkareva, 2002). The second most important person of West Siberia after her husband. A contemporary about the general-governor’s wife A distinguishing feature of Soviet historiography was that for many years the women’s question was considered in the context of women’s emancipation, which not only reflected ...

Modified: 25.06.2007
Siberia , governor , wife , governor's wife , woman , Siberian history
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Searching for the Golden Antler Deer

... illustrated the everyday life of the ancient people, their manner of hunting, sacred animals, transport, arms, ceremonials and beliefs. A. P. Okladnikov is a USSR AS academician, prominent archaeologist, historian and ethnographer, pioneer of humanities in Siberia, Director of the Institute of History, Philology, and Philosophy USSR AS (1966—1981) Highly excited and enchanted we experienced an encounter with primeval painters’ work on Shishkinskie Rocks. We were facing a small but clear and ringing ...

Modified: 25.04.2007
Okladnikov , rock art , Neolithic , deer , Siberia , USSR Academy of Sciences
Path: Главная / Articles
New Siberian Archaeology

A basis for the development of humanities in Siberia was created at the beginning of the 1960s by famous scientists coming to work in Novosibirsk from major Russian cities. In 1966, after a number of reforms the Institute of History, Philology, and Philosophy was created in the Novosibirsk Scientific ...

Modified: 25.04.2007
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS , archaeology , Siberia
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Alcohol and Hallucinogens in the Life of Siberian Aborigines

... J. G. Gmelin and G. W. Steller, who were members of this expedition. The December issue of SCIENCE First Hand (# 6 (12), 2006) featured documents of the Second Kamchatka Expedition dealing with the role of alcohol in the life of 18th century Russian Siberians. The present article dwells on the alcoholic habits of Siberian aborigines as well as on their consumption of hallucinogenic mushrooms and other narcotics producing euphoria and stupor. *The top level governmental body organized by Peter I ...

Modified: 25.04.2007
Siberia , Siberian peoples , Siberian aborigines , fly-agarics , kumis , vodka , wine , tobacco , Krasheninnikov
Path: Главная / Articles
"What a Bliss It Is to See NATURE in Its Very Being..."

Unexplored Siberia has attracted pioneer naturalists since early 18th century. Works by Russia’s scholars D. G. Messerschmitt, J. G. Gmelin, G. W. Steller, S. P. Krasheninnikov and V. N. Tatishchev devoted to the nature and peoples inhabiting these remote ...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Pallas , Siberia , plant species
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Russian Siberians and Alcohol. Based on the Papers of the Second Kamchatka Expedition

Documents left by the members of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka expedition (1733—1743), a journey of scientific exploration through Siberia, contain a lot of curious evidence of the manners and customs of the Russian and indigenous population of Siberia... Generally speaking, nothing in history happens by accident. Any event is linked to other events of the past and of the future ...

Modified: 30.12.2006
Siberia , Second Kamchatka expedition , Steller , Gmelin , alcohol , vodka , wine , Irkutsk , Yakutsk , Kamchatka
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Nomads' Gold. On the "Siberian Collection" of Peter I

Russia’s earliest archaeological collection is actually the so-called Siberian collection of Peter I – about 240 unique gold artefacts related to the ancient nomads of Eurasia and kept in the Hermitage The outstanding story of this famous archaeological collection reflects the spirit of Peter’s epoch, the time of radical ...

Modified: 30.10.2006
Peter I , Peter the Great , Siberia , Tobolsk , antiquities , gold , Nikolaas Witsen , archaeological finds , Ob , Irtysh
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Messerschmitt's Archaeological Collection "Comes Back"

Following the order issued on November 15, 1718 by Peter I, Doctor Daniil Gotlib Messerschmitt was commissioned to go to Siberia “to find various rarities and pharmaceutical objects: herbs, flowers, roots, seeds and other medicinal components.” All scholars of the naissant Russian archaeology refer to his name because Messerschmitt was the first to do archaeological ...

Modified: 30.10.2006
Daniil Gotlib Messerschmitt , Siberia , ethnographic expedition , St. Petersburg , Kunstkamera
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Our Neighbors: The Forest Nenets. Traditional Medicine

We offer our readers some chapters from the book The Forest Nenets, which is the result of the long-term project “Our Neighbors: The Forest Nenets”. The aim of the project is to study and preserve the material and spiritual culture of the Forest Nenets, a small ethnic group living in the southern part of the Yamal-Nenetsk Autonomous District (“YNAD”) in the Pur River basin. The project is quite unique because it was carried out by the workers of the Gubkinskiy Museum of North Development jointly...

Modified: 30.08.2006
Nenets , Siberia , Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug , hygiene , traditional medicine , treatment , kamlanie , reindeer fat , chaga , broth , Siberian herbs , searing
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Ancient Buried Treasures of South Siberia

... sources. Dozens of them were found in the vast expanse extending from the Middle Yenisey to the Upper Ob: the Iyus, Kosogol, Znamensk, Novo-Obintsevsk and the cache on the Chernaya Rechka, near Tomsk, among them. The most ancient caches found in South Siberia date back to the Mesolithic epoch, but much more common are the caches belonging to the era of metals, especially to the early Iron Age. Treasures of the Chest To make a discovery, you have to be able to see the extraordinary in the ordinary or ...

Modified: 30.05.2006
treasures , Siberia , Khakasia , Iyus , Yenisey , dagger
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The Ilimsk Crucifix

... school. Like her husband, she smiled charmingly and asked questions about Novosibirsk, especially Akademgorodok, which in the seventies was famous not only in our country but worldwide. It was September, a wonderful Indian summer, sunny and tranquil. The Siberian taiga played with bright colors: golden birches and larches blended with bright-red rowans, green firs and pines. The air was fresh and cool and soaked with the smell of needles, mushrooms, and musty leaves. Down there, in the valley, the Ilim ...

Modified: 30.03.2006
archaeological excavations , Siberia , Angara region , Ilim Ostrog , crucifix , cross
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Following Gerhard Friedrich Mueller's Route

... academic activity of the participants of the Second Kamchatka Expedition, such as G. F. Mueller, I. G. Gmelin, and G. W. Steller. In the series of materials devoted to Mueller’s anniversary, some fragments of its fundamental manuscript A Description of Siberian Peoples were published for the first time... A great number of land and marine detachments numbering hundreds of people conducted a complex exploration of the whole territory of Siberia from the Urals to the Pacific, and from the southern ...

Modified: 30.01.2006
Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , Siberia , Ob , church , expedition , Ostyaks , Second Kamchatka expedition
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Confession of Prospecting Geologist

My education background is in physics. Perhaps I would’ve become a good physicist if the fate had not willed me to come to the Siberian Research Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineral Resources (Novosibirsk) in 1958, two years after I had graduated from Tomsk University. Why did I get there? The problem rather belongs to politics and is, unfortunately, familiar to the former ...

Modified: 30.05.2005
oil , geology , oil field , gas , Siberia , Kontorovich , geological prospecting
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A Description of Siberian Peoples. Indigenous Peoples of Siberia: Marriage and Family

G. F. Mueller was an outstanding investigator of Siberia, a member of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition organized in 1733–1743. In the course of his decennial peregrination, he was the first among Russian researchers to carry out comprehensive comparative studies of the ethnic ...

Modified: 30.05.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , husband , bride , kalym , bridegroom , wife , marriage , family
Path: Главная / Articles
Discovery of Siberia

The first people came to the territory of Siberia more than half a million years ago and by the end of the Ancient Stone Age they populated the whole Northern Asia. It is the ancient age and the level of development of Siberian Paleolithic cultures that makes it possible for us to speak about ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Siberia , expedition , archaeology
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The Mammoth Hunters

... of Stone Age hunters with the possibility of easy prey. One such ancient trap, which is the combination of the bottom sediments of a small creek and of a salt-lick, lies near Khanty-Mansiisk and is the greatest “cemetery” of mammoths in Western Siberia It was here that in 2002 researchers found the northernmost Paleolithic site in the region, which “functioned” approximately from sixteen to thirteen thousand years ago. Numerous stone tools and, above all, a mammoth vertebra, pierced ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
tools , stone inserts , Siberia , palaeolithic
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Sacred Faces of the Great Forest

... mysterious images, a sombre taiga atmosphere, vivid and unexpected epithets and contrasting comparisons, with a rhythm of repetitions that was alien to a “civilized” listener’s ear, these stories acquainted contemporaries with the world of Western Siberian natives, a world which had disappeared and was absolutely unfamiliar «... – What man with strong leg joints was born...at the other end of the city? – The Hero Wearing a Shirt of Mail with a Hundred Sticking-out Little Horns, who is ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
mask , helmet , menkvy , Siberia , hero , idol
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Dancing with the Spirits

... border of Russia and Mongolia. Despite the complicated historic, social, political and economic developments of the last two centuries, the natives have preserved their traditional way of life. The uniqueness of the spiritual culture of this region of Siberia was determined by centuries-long interaction of Buddhism/Lamaism and the Pantheism of the nomads and shaman practices, rooted in the Siberian Paleolithic. At the beginning of the twentieth century more than twenty Buddhist monasteries with four ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
peoples of Siberia , Tuva , cult , culture , shaman , Siberia , tradition
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The Sword of the Carolingians

... around. Gradually, we recovered from our shock and began talking at the same time. It seemed that there would be no end to our amazement and wonder. How come that sword, in all appearances of European origin, was buried here, in the center of Western Siberia?! Why was it so well preserved? And finally, was it accidental that the sword was found at a burial ground much more ancient than the sword itself? These, and many other questions, became the subject of a lively discussion in which all the participants ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
sword , Okladnikov , excavations , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. The Knights of the Taiga

... started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Tunguses , Miller , expedition , Siberia , arrows
Path: Главная / Articles
"My Longing to Serve Society..."

... not at all without success) of creating a fundamental history of Russia; he formulated main methodological problems; he left an articulate system of proper historical quest, which was used by several generations of researchers; he is the “Father of Siberian history.” He made himself well known in various allied scientific fields, but with all this he still was considered “a German,” “a foreigner.” And another not very pleasant echo: in some sense he was also considered “an ill-wisher,...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , expedition , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
Description of the City of Irkutsk and Its Suburbs. "Irkutsk Customs and Life-Style"

... Johann Amman, Professor of botany, whom Steller assisted in compiling a herbarium for the Academy, in 1736 the young scientist was invited to the Academy as a junior scientific assistant in natural history. A year later, Steller, as a volunteer, left for Siberia to take part in the expedition of the Academy Detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition. The twelve years that Steller spent in Russia were filled with adventures, hardships, and tragic events, but also with tireless studies and scientific ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , Steller , Irkutsk , expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
Moving Beyond the Horizon, or a Prayer for Overcoming

... rock under the archbishop’s feet and he started looking for spiritual support among intimate friends. He saw Steller as one of them. Nothing of the sort happened. The news about the Second Kamchatka Expedition agitated Steller’s restless heart. To Siberia! No one could dissuade him from this hasty (as most people would think) action. In Petersburg, Steller communicated with Daniel Gotlieb Messerschmidt who had traveled across Siberia from 1720 to 1727 on the instructions of Peter the Great to collect ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , Steller , expedition , Siberia , Irkutsk
Path: Главная / Articles
The Second Kamchatka Expedition Is a Heroic Scientific Act of the 18th Century

... started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Steller , Halle , Francke , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
Science and Siberia: from Peter the Great to the 21st century

Fundamental science is not at all an expensive decoration; rather it is an important constituent of the national security, of the nation’s independence To the 280th anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences. To the 60th anniversary of the West-Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences The best way to suppose what may come is to remember what is past. George Savile (Marquis Halifax) English political figure, writer (1633—1695) Jubilees are not only and not so much an occasion for official ...

Modified: 30.05.2004
Academy of Sciences , Siberia , USSR , science , history of science
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