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Viruses and Bacteria: The Great Confrontation

... cunning—defense mechanisms that bacteria have developed in their incessant struggle against viruses: changing the cell membrane receptor; superinfection exclusion; the abortive infection systems; the restriction–modification systems; and, finally, the CRISPR-Cas systems. In the course of evolution, there has been and still is selection for bacteria able to survive viral infection, which, in turn, motivates bacteriophages to improve their aggressive strategies. This “arms race,” which has gone ...

Modified: 06.04.2017
bacteriophages , bacterial defense mechanisms , CRISPR-Cas systems , genome editing , bacteriophage
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