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Stone Age: Paleogenetic Reconstruction

... was the little bone that was found here, a fragment of the little finger bone of a young girl who, as paleogenetic analysis has shown, turned out to come from some previously unknown group, which we then together with the team here decided to call Denisovans. These are distant relatives of Neanderthals, if you like, who separated from them about 400 kya. The Asian population of Denisovans have contributed to the genome of the people of today living all over Asia, and particularly the inhabitants ...

Modified: 21.05.2019
human evolution , paleogenetics , ancient DNA , Denisovan , Neanderthal , Denisova Cave
Path: Главная / Articles
Altai as the center of the ancient oecumene

... that I was directly involved in the Denisova Cave investigations, they started asking questions and even giving advice and recommendations. Some details that had never occurred in real life were mentioned. Rumor spreads, and the discovery of the Denisovan has a whole mythology around it. What is unique about the Denisova Cave is that organic material has been preserved here better than elsewhere. For example, I brought 12 bone samples aged 12,000—15,000 years old from Vietnam, where we have ...

Modified: 13.02.2019
human evolution , multi-regional theory of human origin , “Out-of-Africa” theory , Neanderthal , Denisovan , anatomically modern humans , paleogenetics
Path: Главная / Articles
Daughter of Denisovan Father and Neanderthal Mother

... the results of paleogenetic studies of a bone fragment found in 2012 in Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains. It turns out that the tiny fossil-bone fragment belongs to a first-generation offspring of two different representatives of the genus Homo—Denisovans and Neanderthals. This discovery was first announced at the International Symposium “The Origins of the Upper Paleolithic in Eurasia and the Evolution of the Genus Homo,” held in July 2018 at the Denisova Cave Research Center of the Institute ...

Modified: 28.01.2019
human evolution , paleolith , paleogenetics , ancient DNA , Neanderthal , Denisovan , hybridization , Denisova Cave
Path: Главная / Articles
Daughter of a Denisovan Father and a Neanderthal Mother, or Modern Humans as Product of Ancient Hybridization

... Mountains has brought to the world another archaeological sensation: paleogenetic studies have revealed that the tiny fossil-bone fragment discovered in 2014 belongs to a first-generation offspring of two different representatives of the genus Homo—Denisovans and Neanderthals. This discovery was first announced at the International Symposium “The Origins of the Upper Paleolithic in Eurasia and the Evolution of the Genus Homo,” held in July 2018 at the Denisova Cave Research Center of the Institute ...

Modified: 26.08.2018
paleogenetics , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan , primitive man , Denisova Cave , paleolith , anthropogenesis , human evolution , Ancient Hybridization
Path: Главная / News
The Denisovan comes back

... for the presence of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Possibly, if the bone appears to be Neanderthal, we’ll be able to measure the degree of this DNA variability in the easternmost Neanderthals…” Today, this find is world famous – ​the primitive Denisovan girl has turned upside down our self-image just with her little finger “Time will bring to light whatever is hidden.” Quintus Horatius Flaccus There is hardly a single person who has never wondered how the first sensible human being ...

Modified: 27.06.2018
Altai , hominines , Neanderthal , Denisovan , mitochondrial DNA , primitive man , Denisova Cave
Path: Главная / Articles
In search of the lost genomes

... four times further back in time than the oldest ancestral population shared among present-day human populations. After discussions with Academician A. P. Derevianko and his team in Novosibirsk, it was decided to name this new hominin group “Denisovans.” It is the first hominin group described on the basis of a genome sequence rather than a morphological description. Although remains of Denisovans have yet to be found outside the Denisova Cave, we can learn about their history and the ...

Modified: 26.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The man's family tree has branched out

... discovery of a previously unknown ancient hominid, based on paleogenetic data, was included by “Science” magazine into the list of the most important advances of the last two years. By analogy with the Neanderthal man, this new species was named the Denisovan after the site where the anthropological fossils were found, namely, the Denisova Cave in the northeast of Gornyi Altai. The quantum leap that took place in these studies in 2011 resulted from a successful sequencing of the Denisovan nuclear ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Where has Homo Sapiens come from?

... in the occupation layer of the Upper Paleolithic early stage in Denisova Cave sprang a surprise on the researchers. The bone fragments proved to belong to a new fossil hominin, unknown to science, who was given the name of Homo sapiens altaiensis, or Denisovan, after the locality where he was discovered. A boy from the Stone Age On that occasion, as always, Okladnikov was summoned. — A bone. He came up, bent over it and began brushing it carefully. And then his hand trembled. This was not just ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominines , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The Pleasure of Discovery, or a Hunt for Hominins

... brought fundamental results, rated among the most outstanding achievements of modern archaeology. Shun’kov, 2015 The bone fragments proved to belong to a new fossil hominin, unknown to science, who was given the name of Homo sapiens altaiensis , or Denisovan, after the locality where he was discovered. The genome of the Denisovans differs from the reference genome of a modern African by 11.7 %, and that of the Neanderthal from Vindija Cave, Croatia, by 12.2 %. This similarity testifies that ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The Pleasure of Discovery, or a Hunt for Hominins

... brought fundamental results, rated among the most outstanding achievements of modern archaeology. Shun’kov, 2015 The bone fragments proved to belong to a new fossil hominin, unknown to science, who was given the name of  Homo sapiens altaiensis , or Denisovan, after the locality where he was discovered. The genome of the Denisovans differs from the reference genome of a modern African by 11.7 %, and that of the Neanderthal from Vindija Cave, Croatia, by 12.2 %. This similarity testifies that ...

Modified: 27.10.2017
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Where has Homo sapiens come from?

... in the occupation layer of the Upper Paleolithic early stage in Denisova Cave sprang a surprise on the researchers. The bone fragments proved to belong to a new fossil hominin, unknown to science, who was given the name of Homo sapiens altaiensis, or Denisovan, after the locality where he was discovered. A boy from the Stone Age On that occasion, as always, Okladnikov was summoned. — A bone. He came up, bent over it and began brushing it carefully. And then his hand trembled. This was not just ...

Modified: 26.04.2016
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominines , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Ancient DNA: From a Neanderthal to Sausage

... accuracy for the ancient DNA rather low. When sequencing modern specimens, to exclude random errors, each position in the genome is independently read from different copies several tens of times (the so-called genome coverage). As for the published Denisovan genome, its genome coverage is only 1.9-fold and for the Neanderthal genome, only 1.3-fold, suggesting a high likelihood of error for any position of the sequence. According to the technique elaborated by Meyer, the 5’-terminal phosphate ...

Modified: 14.08.2013
ancient DNA , Neanderthaler , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The man’s family tree has branched out

... discovery of a previously unknown ancient hominid, based on paleogenetic data, was included by “Science” magazine into the list of the most important advances of the last two years. By analogy with the Neanderthal man, this new species was named the Denisovan after the site where the anthropological fossils were found, namely, the Denisova Cave in the northeast of Gornyi Altai. The quantum leap that took place in these studies in 2011 resulted from a successful sequencing of the Denisovan nuclear ...

Modified: 18.12.2012
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles

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