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The Big Steppe Kurgans as Architectural Monuments

... of the past thousands of years have turned into an integral part of the steppe landscape. Yet, in the last two hundred years a great number of these unique burial architectural monuments have been irretrievably lost The number of tumuli in the Eurasian steppes may reach many thousands. German archaeologist H. von Merhart, one of the first discoverers of the archaeological treasures of “the big steppe,” described the monuments of the past found in the steppes of the Middle Yenisei as far ...

Modified: 26.04.2016
Eurasian steppes , mounds , tumulus , excavation methods , Baikara , Arzhan , Barsuchy Log , gold , finds
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Chinggis Khan in the Eye of the Third Millenium

Geneticists believe that every 200th person on the Earth can be a descendant of Chinggis Khan, who was famous not only for his victories but also for the extraordinary fertility. If the sight of the horse-tailed Mongolian banner streaming in the wind quickens up your heartbeat, you might have a grain of the immortal spirit of the Shaker of the Universe This happened in spring 1206 at the all-Mongol kurultai — a congress of noyons who arrived from all parts of Mongolia held at the source of the...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chingghis Khan , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Under the Banner of Chinggis Khan

A legendary military leader, the founder of the great Mongol empire who stands among the greatest conquerors along with Alexander, Caesar and Napoleon. Who doesn’t know him? And though for many of our contemporaries Chinggis Khan is no more than a mythical character from the distant past, for the greater part of the Mongolian world his name is a major component of the modern ethnic culture. The words “Chinggis Khan” and “Mongol empire” have become mythologemes: that is, the classical myth...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Edzhen Khoro , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Invincible Army of the Mongolian Empire

... warriors with practically “impenetrable” armor made from iron plates or multi-layer pasted skin (Gorelik, 1983). Arrows pouring like a shower… A lot of weapons used by the invincible army of Chinggis Khan and his commanders were found in the Eurasian steppes and, first of all, in the “home” lands of Mongolians — Mongolia and Transbaikal region. Judging by these artefacts, bows and arrows were really the main weapons of the Mongolians in the 13th — 14th centuries. The Mongolian arrows ...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Mongols , Chinggis Khan , army , empire , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Warriors and Cattle-Breeders of the Great Steppe

It can be stated with confidence that the Mongol world has more than once faced the challenge of striking the balance between the society and nature. And no matter how much we appreciate today the wisdom of old traditions, whose ultimate goal was to restrict the anthropogenic impact on the environment, some curious historical facts can be easily found indicating that, in some situations, peoples fail to display common sense... Highly instructive for our modern life with its rapid pace of development...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Great Steppe , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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The Place of Our Last Dwelling Should Be Here

This article has a long pre-history. 31 years ago the author, a student of the humanities department of Novosibirsk State University, passed his first mid-sessionals. The idea to make acquaintance with written documents in which data of the Great Khan’s life and death could be found made him spend his winter holidays at the library. In spring of the same year, the article “Where is the grave of Chinggis Khan?” was published in Logos, a local faculty wall paper. For more than a week...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Burhan-Khaldun , burial site , Rashid ad-Din , Onon , Kerulen , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Cities Built by... Nomads

A traveler exploring the endless Mongol steppes occasionally sets his eye not only on fanciful weathered rocks, fields of rounded boulders bringing to mind glacier activity, stone statues and mounds… Sometimes he can see ruins of towers and high walls or almost invisible hillocks hiding remains of ancient constructions. Local inhabitants know next to nothing about the residents of these ancient settlements. Our memory has not preserved neither the names of the builders nor of the peoples who...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Mongolia , Central Asia , nomadic empires , nomadic peoples , ancient Mongolian cities , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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