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Ancient Fashion: Leggings from Steppe Leader’s Wardrobe

When excavating the burial mound of a noble Xiongnu man, the Russian-Mongolian archaeological expedition discovered unique items made of leather, felt, and textile, which allowed researchers to restore the costume of a member of the nomadic elite, who lived 2,000 years ago. There was only one fully ...

Modified: 02.11.2015
ancient people , Xiongnu , steppe , nomads , Mongolia , fashion , clothing , embroidery , Polosmak , reconstruction
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“We drank Soma, we became immortal...”

... fearless." The hypotheses were plenty: from ephedra, cannabis, and opium poppy to blue water lily (Nymphaea caerulea) and fly agaric ( Amanita muscaria ). The answer was found in a grave of a noble woman buried in an elite burial ground of the Xiongnu, the famous nomads of Central Asia Final phase of the restoration of the embroidered carpet. Video by Sergey Zelensky Importantly, none of the researchers denies the fact that the ancient Indians and Iranians consumed a drink with a psychoactive ...

Modified: 03.09.2015
neurostimulator , hallucinogen , psilocybin , Haoma , Soma , Xiongnu , Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS
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Steppe Fashion. Items from the Wardrobe of Ancient Nomads

For most of us, the word Xiongnu bears an association the Huns, the nomadic tribes whose raids terrified the Ancient Rome. In fact, the Xiongnu do have a "genetic relationship" with the Huns. All we know about this legendary nation of the past, who created the world's ...

Modified: 30.08.2015
Xiongnu , Noin-Ula Mountains , ancient cloth , woolen textile , Silk Road , restoration of fabric
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Complete the Work of the Heavens

During the excavation of the Xiongnu kurgans in Noin-Ula, northern Mongolia, most singular Chinese artifacts covered with lacquer were discovered. This collection includes fragments of coffins, details of chariots and a variety of household items, including cups with inscriptions....

Modified: 14.04.2015
archaeology , Xiongnu , Noin-Ula , lacquer , cups , er bei
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Traces of Chinese Chariot

In summer 2012 the Russian-Mongolian archaeological expedition organised by the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS (Novosibirsk) and the Institute of Archaeology (Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar) continued to study the Xiongnu burial site at Noin-Ula in Nothern Mongolia first explored by the expedition of the Russian traveler P.K. Kozlov in the beginning of the last century. Three months after the excavation in Noin-Ula mound 22 began, a Chinese chariot was discovered ...

Modified: 19.04.2013
Mongolia , Noin-Ula burial , Xiongnu , archaeological excavation , Chinese chariot
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Faces from the Past

Finds with the images of people who crossed the “great divide” are some of the most exciting for the archaeologists. The ones found in the Noin Ula mountains in Northern Mongolia in the burial mounds of the Xiongnu elite allowed us to see real participants of historical events which took place two thousand years ago. It helped us to discover another aspect of life in this remote era, which has already become legendary In Noin Ula mound 20 (North Mongolia),...

Modified: 18.12.2012
Noin-Ula , North Mongolia , Xiongnu , ancient textiles , silk , embroidery , costume
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News from the Fields

Last summer, the Russian-Mongolian archaeological expedition, which had been excavating, for several field seasons, the famous Xiongnu burial of Noin-Ula in Northern Mongolia, continued work. The 11th tumulus, having no analogues among the previously studied Xiongnu kurgans, sprang a surprise on the archaeologists Prior to the excavations, the 11th Noin-Ula tumulus looked ...

Modified: 10.04.2012
Mongolia , Noin-Ula burial , Xiongnu , Russian-Mongolian expedition , bronze ornamentals , ceramics
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History Embroidered in Wool

... meat, wild-growing herbs, worshiping the Sky, the Sun and the Moon – this is what the nomads’ life is about. Where does this exquisite fabric come from and what kind of history is embroidered on it? The very first explorations of the Noin-Ula Xiongnu burial kurgan (tumulus) in North Mongolia, conducted in 1924—1925 by an expedition of the famous traveler P. K. Kozlov, produced surprising results. Among the most amazing were fragments of embroidered woolen draping carpets, now kept at the ...

Modified: 10.04.2012
Noin-Ula , North Mongolia , Xiongnu , ancient wool textiles , Zoroastrians
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The Light of Distant Hellas

On more than one occasion Science First Hand has published articles about striking discoveries made during the excavations at one of the burial mounds of a famous burial ground of the Xiongnu nobility from Noin-Ula in Northern Mongolia, carried out by the Russian-Mongolian expeditions in 2006. A silver plate depicting an ancient plot, found at a depth of 18 meters, buried in a splendidly decorated burial ground has become one of the ...

Modified: 15.12.2011
Noin-Ula , Xiongnu , Northern Mongolia , horse harness , silver plate , Artemis , herm , Bacchic cult
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“We Drank Soma, We Became Immortal…”

Inside a deep Xiongnu grave hidden in the thickly wooded Sudzuktè pass, on the bottom of the burial chamber, archaeologists, participants of the Russian-Mongolian expedition, found what they had long been searching for: a layer of clay revealing the outline of textile ...

Modified: 30.08.2010
ancient textiles , Xiongnu , Divine mushroom , soma/haoma , Indo-Scythians , Indo-Parthians , psilocybin , North Mongolia
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«On Paths of Which no One has Knowledge of Unseen Beasts there Lurk the Spoors...»

Xiongnu (Khunnu) are ancient nomadic people who founded the first nomadic empire. Until quite recently they have been known exclusively from Chinese Chronicles. Only in the early 20th century the richest burials of the representatives of Xiongnu nobility ...

Modified: 30.12.2009
Xiongnu , diggings , Noin-Ula kurgans , Polosmak , Mongolia , horse harness , adornments , unicorn , kylin , silver plate
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The Kurgan for the Moon-faced

"Years, people and nations Go down the drain forever, Like running water." Velimir Khlebnikov Before the 20th century, this nomadic people was known only from the Chinese chronicles. Until now the issue of Xiongnu ancestors and origin of the Xiongnu ethnos remains debatable Before the 20th century, this nomadic people was known only from the Chinese chronicles. Until now the issue of Khunnu ancestors and origin of the Khunnu ethnos remains debatable....

Modified: 30.08.2009
Xiongnu , Noin-Ula , Xiongnu burial mounds , 20th Noin-Ula burial mound , archaeological digs , archarology , North Mongolia , N.V. Polosmak , chanyui , anthropological material , enamel cases of teeth , Parphia , embroidered textile , felt carpet , merlon
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Behind a "Shot" of Archaeological Sensations

In issue 12 of our journal, Doctor of History Natalia Polosmak and Candidate of History Evgeny Bogdanov dwelt on the unique findings discovered by the Siberian archaeologists at the diggings of a Xiongnu burial-mound in the Noin-Uly mountains, Northern Mongolia, in 2006. The current issue offers a joint publication by experts from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), who focus on ...

Modified: 30.08.2008
Xiongnu , mounds , Noin-Ula , Northern Mongolia , excavation , burial chamber , textiles , lacquer objects , restoration , preservation
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The Past 18 Meters Deep

The ground has turned out to be very heavy: clay with pebbles and broken stones, often wet… Our excavation is a pit following the contours of an ancient grave. We use pails to lift the soil through the block. The sand walls keep crumbling away, which makes us do additional work. Four months of extremely hard, “fine” work are left behind; the minimum of six meters into the depth lies ahead. However, the excavation can by no means be put off till the next year … We — an expedition of the Novosibirsk...

Modified: 30.12.2006
Xiongnu , Mongolia , archaeological excavations
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