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Viruses and Bacteria: The Great Confrontation

The modern genome editing technology, which has been used successfully on various animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria, is based on research about CRISPR-Cas bacterial systems. Originally, they were thought to participate in DNA repair, but in 2007 scientists found out the real purpose of these systems: they combat bacterial viruses, i. e., bacteriophages. It took scientists as little as nine years to make a giant leap from understanding the mechanism of bacterial immunity to human genome editing...

Modified: 06.04.2017
bacteriophages , bacterial defense mechanisms , CRISPR-Cas systems , genome editing , bacteriophage
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