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From Olfaction in Fish to Regenerative Medicine

... We perceive smells with the help of chemoreceptor cells, which are sensitive to chemical substances. These cells are bipolar neurons, and, like many neurons, they have one axon, a long projection going to the brain, and one dendrite, a short projection. The dendrite of the chemoreceptor cell extends into the external environment with its sensors, or cilia (flagella), whose membranes contain membrane-bound receptor proteins. In many animals, chemoreceptor cells have developed throughout the evolution a highest degree of specialization; in fact, they reached the physical limit of the discrimination capacity of the olfactory system and are able to unerringly ...

Modified: 31.08.2016
olfaction , odor , chemoreceptors , receptor proteins , dendrite , neurosecretion , dendritic neurosecretion , yellowfin Baikal sculpin , fish , Baikal
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