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Great Northern Expedition: In the Wake of the Academic Detachment

... exceptionally high evaluation of the work done by student Krasheninnikov, basing on which the professors applied for raising his salary to 200 rubles a year – to compare, a professor of the Academy of Sciences earned 600 rubles a year (1,200 rubles when on an expedition) and a Siberian aristocrat had 12-14 rubles a year. The leaders of the Detachment took the death of the talented translator and investigator Yakhontov in 1739 as a huge loss. The scholars’ youth predetermined their ardor and passion for the unknown and even ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Miller
Path: Главная / Articles
A Journey across Siberia. Turks of the Krasnoyarsk Uyezd and Their Shamans

... Petersburg. In 1731 the 22-year-old scientist was appointed professor of the St. Petersburg Academy. Gmelin gained recognition of the European scientific community for the studies conducted within the framework of the Great Northern (Second Kamchatka) Expedition in 1733–1743. After the trip to Siberia Gmelin returned to Tubingen, where he was a university professor of botany and chemistry until his death in 1755. The Second Kamchatka Expedition headed by Vitus Bering had had no analogs in the human history. It was served by 13 specially constructed ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gmelin , expedition , Siberia , sorcerer , sorceress , tambourine , Tatars
Path: Главная / Articles
Non-Returnee. A Story of One Escape

... Baron I. Korf, President of the Academy (under Tsarine Anna Ioannovna the head of the Academy was officially called “chief commander of the Academy of Sciences”), “If considering the abovementioned, I am still ordered to stay till the end of the expedition, I shall consider my further stay in Siberia as nothing else but an exile, which I truly have not deserved over the six years of difficult trips and for my exploits and good turns in St. Petersburg…” After this appeal, the authorities ceased to insist on his mission to Kamchatka, nevertheless ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gmelin , expedition , Siberia , academy
Path: Главная / Articles
Description of the City of Irkutsk and Its Suburbs. "Irkutsk Customs and Life-Style"

... Johann Amman, Professor of botany, whom Steller assisted in compiling a herbarium for the Academy, in 1736 the young scientist was invited to the Academy as a junior scientific assistant in natural history. A year later, Steller, as a volunteer, left for Siberia to take part in the expedition of the Academy Detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition. The twelve years that Steller spent in Russia were filled with adventures, hardships, and tragic events, but also with tireless studies and scientific discoveries that brought him ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , Steller , Irkutsk , expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
Moving Beyond the Horizon, or a Prayer for Overcoming

... Gotlieb Messerschmidt who had traveled across Siberia from 1720 to 1727 on the instructions of Peter the Great to collect information about the history, nature, and geography of Siberia. Actually Messerschmidt was a prospector for the Second Kamchatka Expedition, and he had endured much in Siberia. He tried to dissuade Steller from the trip of his dreams, but failed. Having enlisted the support of the mighty of this world, Steller gained his ends. In early 1737, he was employed by the Academy as a junior research assistant in natural history ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Steller , expedition , Siberia , Irkutsk
Path: Главная / Articles
The Second Kamchatka Expedition is a Heroic Scientific Act of the 18th Century

... got rid of historical clichs that have proved unable to stand the test of time and started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Steller , Halle , Francke , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. The Knights of the Taiga

... of almost all the peoples of Siberia compiled by Mueller are still a very important source for linguists, and as for the peoples that were assimilated in the 18th century Mueller’s works are the only source. Mueller wrote dozens of works devoted to Siberia both during the expedition and after its completion. A fundamental History of Siberia in four volumes, Geography of Siberia in two volumes, and A Description of Siberian Peoples in two volumes were among these works. He reacted instantly to every scientific problem ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Tunguses , Miller , expedition , Siberia , arrows
Path: Главная / Articles
"My Longing to Serve Society..."

... Probably without this enlightenment neither Novikov, nor Derzhavin, nor the amazing rise of Russian culture in the beginning of the 19th century would have been possible. Mueller constantly searched for the new. And when a real opportunity to go to Siberia appeared, he gave up everything and went. Gmelin, who was initially appointed to the Second Kamchatka expedition by the Academy, had fallen ill. The Academy suggested that Mueller substitute for him, and he agreed with joy: he was fascinated by the perspective of working with living material and not with second-hand stories. Then Gmelin recovered and ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , expedition , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. Indigenous Peoples of Siberia: Marriage and Family

... In the course of his decennial peregrination, he was the first among Russian researchers to carry out comprehensive comparative studies of the ethnic history, languages, social relations, material and spiritual cultures of all indigenous peoples of Siberia. Mueller’s works written during the expedition and devoted to these topics are about 3,000 pages long. Modern investigators are especially interested in the data Mueller collected directly from the aborigines. Gentle manners, gifts and respectful attitude to their religion and practices ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , husband , bride , kalym , bridegroom , wife , marriage , family
Path: Главная / Articles
Russian Siberians of the 18th Century and Alcoholism

... attempt distilling vodka from rotten fish but the only result was some unpalatable and fetid liquid.” Let us try to sum up what has been said. No doubt, descriptions of the alcoholic ways members of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka expedition observed in Siberia are at times depressing. Reading them, you understand that a lot of modern phenomena such as “drunken” budget, shadow economy and corruption were not born yesterday; they date back to our remote past. The attitude of modern researchers towards ...

Modified: 25.12.2007
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Siberia , vodka , wine , Steller , Gmelin , alcohol
Path: Главная / Articles
Oil: Heroes of Our Past... and Present. Farman Salmanov: Let Love for Our Common Homeland, Russia, Unite Us

... television, and television in the North was certainly out of the question. F. Salmanov constructed a TV tower from an oilrig and bought the necessary equipment. Twice a week a helicopter brought records of new programs from Sverdlovsk. This was the first Siberian oil prospecting expedition with TV sets in homes. Gornopravdinsk became a town in which important geological meetings took place; it was visited by many leaders of our country, eminent scientists, cosmonauts, and famous artists. Today, Gornopravdinsk would be called ...

Modified: 25.06.2007
Farman Salmanov , oil , gas , field , geology , Siberia , expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
Following Gerhard Friedrich Mueller's Route

... fundamental manuscript A Description of Siberian Peoples were published for the first time. Mueller was the first to set the task of conducting a complex study of the ethnic history, languages, material and spiritual culture of the aboriginal peoples of Siberia during his voyage as a participant of the Second Kamchatka expedition. Only Mueller’s descendants were able to appreciate the true significance of the really grandiose results of his activities as an ethnographer. In August-September 2005 two members of the Editorial Board together with Alexander Ellert, Doctor ...

Modified: 30.01.2006
Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , Siberia , Ob , church , expedition , Ostyaks , Second Kamchatka expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. Indigenous Peoples of Siberia: Marriage and Family

... In the course of his decennial peregrination, he was the first among Russian researchers to carry out comprehensive comparative studies of the ethnic history, languages, social relations, material and spiritual cultures of all indigenous peoples of Siberia. Mueller’s works written during the expedition and devoted to these topics are about 3,000 pages long. Modern investigators are especially interested in the data Mueller collected directly from the aborigines. Gentle manners, gifts and respectful attitude to their religion and practices ...

Modified: 30.05.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , husband , bride , kalym , bridegroom , wife , marriage , family
Path: Главная / Articles
Discovery of Siberia

... the II century B. C. Siberian peoples were part of the powerful movement of Nomadic Asia westwards. Many makers of European history — the Ugrians, Huns and the other — had their historic roots in Siberia… The First Russian hunting and military expeditions appeared in Siberia in XI–XIV centuries. However, the rampant expansion of the rule of Moscovy behind the Urals began after the fall of the Siberian Khanate, which was a fragment of the great Genghis Khan’s empire. It took Russians a relatively short time to ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Siberia , expedition , archaeology
Path: Главная / Articles
A Description of Siberian Peoples. The Knights of the Taiga

... of almost all the peoples of Siberia compiled by Mueller are still a very important source for linguists, and as for the peoples that were assimilated in the 18th century Mueller’s works are the only source. Mueller wrote dozens of works devoted to Siberia both during the expedition and after its completion. A fundamental History of Siberia in four volumes, Geography of Siberia in two volumes, and A Description of Siberian Peoples in two volumes were among these works. He reacted instantly to every scientific problem ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Tunguses , Miller , expedition , Siberia , arrows
Path: Главная / Articles
"My Longing to Serve Society..."

... Probably without this enlightenment neither Novikov, nor Derzhavin, nor the amazing rise of Russian culture in the beginning of the 19th century would have been possible. Mueller constantly searched for the new. And when a real opportunity to go to Siberia appeared, he gave up everything and went. Gmelin, who was initially appointed to the Second Kamchatka expedition by the Academy, had fallen ill. The Academy suggested that Mueller substitute for him, and he agreed with joy: he was fascinated by the perspective of working with living material and not with second-hand stories. Then Gmelin recovered and ...

Modified: 30.01.2005
Second Kamchatka expedition , Gerhard Friedrich Mueller , expedition , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles
Description of the City of Irkutsk and Its Suburbs. "Irkutsk Customs and Life-Style"

... Johann Amman, Professor of botany, whom Steller assisted in compiling a herbarium for the Academy, in 1736 the young scientist was invited to the Academy as a junior scientific assistant in natural history. A year later, Steller, as a volunteer, left for Siberia to take part in the expedition of the Academy Detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition. The twelve years that Steller spent in Russia were filled with adventures, hardships, and tragic events, but also with tireless studies and scientific discoveries that brought him ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , Siberia , Steller , Irkutsk , expedition
Path: Главная / Articles
Moving Beyond the Horizon, or a Prayer for Overcoming

... Gotlieb Messerschmidt who had traveled across Siberia from 1720 to 1727 on the instructions of Peter the Great to collect information about the history, nature, and geography of Siberia. Actually Messerschmidt was a prospector for the Second Kamchatka Expedition, and he had endured much in Siberia. He tried to dissuade Steller from the trip of his dreams, but failed. Having enlisted the support of the mighty of this world, Steller gained his ends. In early 1737, he was employed by the Academy as a junior research assistant in natural history ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , Steller , expedition , Siberia , Irkutsk
Path: Главная / Articles
The Second Kamchatka Expedition Is a Heroic Scientific Act of the 18th Century

... got rid of historical clichs that have proved unable to stand the test of time and started revising the views on the great German who has done much for the formation and development of Russian science. Mueller’s participation in the Second Kamchatka expedition as an informal leader of the Academic Detachment during the journey across Siberia in 1733—1743 was the most important milestone in the scientist’s destiny. Mueller visited all the districts of the Urals and Siberia, studied the archives of the cities he visited, and in ten years of travel accumulated a vast file of valuable ...

Modified: 30.09.2004
Second Kamchatka expedition , expedition , Steller , Halle , Francke , Siberia
Path: Главная / Articles

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