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Ancient Fashion: Leggings from Steppe Leader’s Wardrobe

When excavating the burial mound of a noble Xiongnu man, the Russian-Mongolian archaeological expedition discovered unique items made of leather, felt, and textile, which allowed researchers to restore the costume of a member of the nomadic elite, who lived 2,000 years ago. There was only one fully preserved item among all the steppe leader’s garments, and that was his leggings, i.e., nonstitched pants attached to a belt. The original cut and the exquisite embroidery of these pants could inspire...

Modified: 02.11.2015
ancient people , Xiongnu , steppe , nomads , Mongolia , fashion , clothing , embroidery , Polosmak , reconstruction
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Chinggis Khan in the Eye of the Third Millenium

Geneticists believe that every 200th person on the Earth can be a descendant of Chinggis Khan, who was famous not only for his victories but also for the extraordinary fertility. If the sight of the horse-tailed Mongolian banner streaming in the wind quickens up your heartbeat, you might have a grain of the immortal spirit of the Shaker of the Universe This happened in spring 1206 at the all-Mongol kurultai — a congress of noyons who arrived from all parts of Mongolia held at the source of the...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chingghis Khan , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Under the Banner of Chinggis Khan

A legendary military leader, the founder of the great Mongol empire who stands among the greatest conquerors along with Alexander, Caesar and Napoleon. Who doesn’t know him? And though for many of our contemporaries Chinggis Khan is no more than a mythical character from the distant past, for the greater part of the Mongolian world his name is a major component of the modern ethnic culture. The words “Chinggis Khan” and “Mongol empire” have become mythologemes: that is, the classical myth...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Edzhen Khoro , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Invincible Army of the Mongolian Empire

... Mongolian army also had a commissary service and special detachments providing the passage of troops and laying of roads. Special attention was given to reconnaissance and misinformation of the enemy. The Mongolian army structure was traditional for nomads of Central Asia. In accordance with the “Asian decimal system” for subdividing the army and people, the army had detachments of tens, hundreds, thousands, and ten thousands (tumens), as well as wings and a center. Every efficient man belonged ...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Mongols , Chinggis Khan , army , empire , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Warriors and Cattle-Breeders of the Great Steppe

... historical facts can be easily found indicating that, in some situations, peoples fail to display common sense.  A good example is the mode of economy typical of the Great Steppe in the 12th century. Nearly all the sources testify that the economy of nomads was based on cattlebreeding, which has remained virtually intact over the centuries.  This mode of economy features predominantly extensive factors of development. At that time, there were practically no objective pre-conditions for uniting the ...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Great Steppe , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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The Place of Our Last Dwelling Should Be Here

This article has a long pre-history. 31 years ago the author, a student of the humanities department of Novosibirsk State University, passed his first mid-sessionals. The idea to make acquaintance with written documents in which data of the Great Khan’s life and death could be found made him spend his winter holidays at the library. In spring of the same year, the article “Where is the grave of Chinggis Khan?” was published in Logos, a local faculty wall paper. For more than a week...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Burhan-Khaldun , burial site , Rashid ad-Din , Onon , Kerulen , Mongolia , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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Cities Built by... Nomads

... Siberia A. V. Adrianov and, after him, S. A. Teploukhov found, on Tuva’s territory, ruins of towns that were subsequently dated from the time of the Mongol Empire. Nevertheless, proper scholarly discovery of the ancient towns of Central Asian nomads took place at the end of the 19th century, when the expedition of the East-Siberian Department of the Russian Geographic Society headed by N. M. Yadrintsev came to Mongolia. In the valley of the Orkhon River in northern Mongolia, the explorers ...

Modified: 25.02.2007
Chinggis Khan , Mongolia , Central Asia , nomadic empires , nomadic peoples , ancient Mongolian cities , nomads , Eurasian steppes
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