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Daughter of a Denisovan Father and a Neanderthal Mother, or Modern Humans as Product of Ancient Hybridization

... evolutionary development of man due to gene drift, natural selection, and other processes could have occurred not only in Africa but also in all the territories originally populated by Homo erectus. This picture became much clearer through the development of  paleogenetics , a science born in the 1980s, which was able to isolate and identify DNA sequences from archeological and paleontological remains and to investigate, from this perspective, vanished populations and extinct species. Until recently, one of ...

Modified: 26.08.2018
paleogenetics , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan , primitive man , Denisova Cave , paleolith , anthropogenesis , human evolution , Ancient Hybridization
Path: Главная / News
In search of the lost genomes

One day, we may then be able to understand what set the replacement crowd apart from their archaic contemporaries, and why, of all the primates, modem humans spread to all comers of the world and reshaped, both intentionally and unintentionally, the environment on a global scale. I am convinced that parts of the answers to this question, perhaps the greatest one in human history, lies hidden in the ancient genomes we have sequenced The human genome is contained in chromosomes that are present...

Modified: 26.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The man's family tree has branched out

... more integrated character, is sure to bring about many surprising discoveries. Currently, large international teams are working in this field. One of the most efficient teams is supervised by Prof. S. Pääbo, head of the Department of Evolutionary Paleogenetics with the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig, Germany). It is this particular team, which unites dozens of scientists from large scientific institutions of Europe and America, that has sequenced the Neanderthal genome ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Ancient DNA Has Revealed Its Secret

... our century. The new methods for DNA decoding have provided information about the genome structure of extinct organisms that lived tens of thousands years ago, which has given rise to unprecedented progress in these traditional fields of knowledge Paleogenetics, a modern research field at the interface of archaeology and molecular genetics, has been actively developing owing to an ever wider application of high-throughput DNA sequencing (decoding) methods. Until recently,w several unsolved problems ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
ancient DNA , paleogenetics , paleogenomics
Path: Главная / Articles
Where has Homo Sapiens come from?

... from apelike ancestors, was placed on the agenda: geographical centers and development of anthropogenesis. Thanks to the amazing discoveries made in the recent decades by the cooperative efforts of archaeologists, anthropologists, and specialists in paleogenetics, the problem of the development of the modern human, like in the days of Darwin, has generated a lot of public interest and moved beyond mere scientific debates. African cradle The history of the search for the ancestral homeland of the ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominines , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The Pleasure of Discovery, or a Hunt for Hominins

... from apelike ancestors, was placed on the agenda: geographical centers and development of anthropogenesis. Thanks to the amazing discoveries made in the recent decades by the cooperative efforts of archaeologists, anthropologists, and specialists in paleogenetics. Until recently, it was only possible to determine DNA sequences and whole genome sequences from present-day individuals from which DNA can be isolated in good condition from fresh tissues such as blood. To evolutionary scientists this is ...

Modified: 19.06.2018
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
The Pleasure of Discovery, or a Hunt for Hominins

... from apelike ancestors, was placed on the agenda: geographical centers and development of anthropogenesis. Thanks to the amazing discoveries made in the recent decades by the cooperative efforts of archaeologists, anthropologists, and specialists in paleogenetics. Until recently, it was only possible to determine DNA sequences and whole genome sequences from present-day individuals from which DNA can be isolated in good condition from fresh tissues such as blood. To evolutionary scientists this is ...

Modified: 27.10.2017
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Where has Homo sapiens come from?

... from apelike ancestors, was placed on the agenda: geographical centers and development of anthropogenesis. Thanks to the amazing discoveries made in the recent decades by the cooperative efforts of archaeologists, anthropologists, and specialists in paleogenetics, the problem of the development of the modern human, like in the days of Darwin, has generated a lot of public interest and moved beyond mere scientific debates. African cradle The history of the search for the ancestral homeland of the ...

Modified: 26.04.2016
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominines , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Hunters for Ancient Genes # Genetic Chronicle of the West Siberian Population in the Paleometal Age

Paleogenetics, which was born as an independent field of study only in the early 1980s, has now matured into a full-fledged discipline within human molecular genetics. Paleogeneticists have their own arsenal of methods to resolve almost any issue associated ...

Modified: 24.04.2016
Prehistoric human migrations , paleogenetics , ancient DNA , mitochondrial DNA , stable isotopes
Path: Главная / Articles
The Ukok Female Warrior Has Changed Sex # New paleogenetic data on the bearers of the Pazyryk culture (Gorny Altai)

... were discovered in the 1990s,” says Polosmak (Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography (IAE) SB RAS, Novosibirsk), “archaeologists and anthropologists did not have such a powerful research tool as paleogenetic methods. But we should not think that paleogenetics alone can resolve all archaeological mysteries. “The situations may be highly complex and confusing, which is illustrated by the paired burial at Ak-Alakha 1 burial mound 1, which was excavated in 1990. “The mound with an unusual burial ...

Modified: 01.12.2015
Amazon , Ukok , Altai , Altai Mountains , Pazyryk culture , Pazyryk , anthropology , paleogenetics , Ak-Alakha 1 , weapons
Path: Главная / News
On the Time Axis

... evolution unable to create such items. We also had archaeological data contradicting the hypothesis of “aliens” from Africa and suggesting that this Upper Paleolithic culture was gradually developing in the local context for thousands of years. When the paleogenetics research proved that we had a completely different human population, it became a sensation for the world scientific community, and we were able to solve the accumulated data conflicts. The chronological data obtained by means of radiocarbon ...

Modified: 04.09.2015
archaeology , symposium , multidisciplinary approach , evolution , radiocarbon dating , paleogenetics
Path: Главная / News
Ancient DNA Has Revealed Its Secret

... century. The new methods for DNA decoding have provided information about the genome structure of extinct organisms that lived tens of thousands years ago, which has given rise to unprecedented progress in these traditional fields of knowledge Paleogenetics, a modern research field at the interface of archaeology and molecular genetics, has been actively developing owing to an ever wider application of high-throughput DNA sequencing (decoding) methods. Until recently,w several unsolved problems ...

Modified: 18.12.2012
ancient DNA , paleogenetics , paleogenomics
Path: Главная / Articles
The man’s family tree has branched out

... more integrated character, is sure to bring about many surprising discoveries. Currently, large international teams are working in this field. One of the most efficient teams is supervised by Prof. S. Pääbo, head of the Department of Evolutionary Paleogenetics with the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig, Germany). It is this particular team, which unites dozens of scientists from large scientific institutions of Europe and America, that has sequenced the Neanderthal genome ...

Modified: 18.12.2012
paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , nuclear DNA , hominid , Neanderthal , Denisovan
Path: Главная / Articles
Homo Altaiensis?

Scholars from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS (Novosibirsk) together with paleontologists from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig) have established that the finger bone found in the Early Upper Paleolithic (40,000—30,000 years ago) occupation layer in Denisova Cave of the Altai Mountains belonged to a human whose mitochondrial DNA is distinct from the mtDNAs of Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans Excavations at Denisova Cave – one of Russia’s...

Modified: 30.08.2010
Pleistocene , Palaeolith , geochronology , paleogenetics , mitochondrial DNA , hominid
Path: Главная / Articles

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